Stock Groups

China, Brazil among nations pledging to end deforestation by 2030


On October 14, 2014, a deforested area was discovered in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest, in Para.

Raphael Alves | AFP | Getty Images

Over 100 global leaders including Joe Biden from the USA, Xi Jinping, China and Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil have pledged to eliminate deforestation in 2030.

While the deal was signed Monday evening, countries will sign it on Tuesday.

The pledges made by the participating countries included a series of commitments, including that they would work together to “halt and reverse land loss and forest degradation by 2030.”

This included assurances that trade policies would promote sustainable development as well as sustainable commodity production, consumption, and also a commitment to implement and redesign agricultural policies to support sustainable farming.

Additionally, financial commitments will be made in order to increase both public and private sector investment into sustainable agriculture, forest conservation, restoration and support for the indigenous communities that are often directly affected when deforestation occurs around the globe.

Delegates who signed the deal on Monday said that “We call upon all leaders to unite in a sustainable land-use transition.” “This is essential to meeting the Paris Agreement goals, including reducing vulnerability to the impacts of  climate change and holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C.”

They added: “Together we can succeed in fighting climate change, delivering resilient and inclusive growth, and halting and reversing forest loss and land degradation.”

The U.K. and Australia will be among the countries that sign up for the agreement, as well as the EU, Indonesian, Nigeria, Pakistan, and the EU. The agreement will have 105 signatories.

India — one of the world’s biggest polluters — was notably absent from the list of countries agreeing to the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use.

Narendra Modi, India’s prime minister, pledged on MondayTo reach net zero carbon emissions by 2070. This date is two decades later than the target established by COP26 organizers.

Bolsonaro from Brazil was condemned by the international community for his pledge to sign this deal. He is also accused of deforestation, fires and destruction in the Amazon rainforest. in recent years