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World’s first hydrogen tanker to ship test cargo to Japan from Australia -Breaking


© Reuters. FILEPHOTO: A liquefied Hydrogen Storage Tank built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries is seen at the hydrogen reception terminal on Kobe Airport Island.


Sonali Paul

MELBOURNE, (Reuters) – On Friday, a Japanese-Australian company that produces hydrogen from brown coal will start loading its first cargo onto the world’s premier liquid hydrogen carrier. This test was delayed for nearly a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Japan, constructed the Suiso Frontier. It arrived in Australia from Kobe this week. The ship made a more difficult journey than expected (16 days) because it encountered bad weather and rough seas. In about one week, the ship will return to Japan.

HESC, led by KHI and backed by Australia and Japan as a means to shift to cleaner energy and reduce carbon emissions and is A$500m ($360m) in size.

Japan is aiming to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, and hydrogen has been viewed as an important tool in this process. Australia plans to export the fuel in large numbers.

The Australian government on Friday committed a further A$7.5 million for HESC’s A$184 million pre-commercialisation phase, and A$20 million for testing a capture and storage project for carbon dioxide released in the coal-to-hydrogen process to create a carbon neutral product.

HESC began extracting 70kg of hydrogen per day last year from brown coal at the Latrobe Valley. It is located about 135 km (84 mi) east Melbourne. These brown coal mines are responsible for some of Australia’s oldest and most polluting power plants.

Reacting with coal and oxygen under high pressure and heat to produce hydrogen, The hydrogen is transported to port, where it is chilled to minus 253° Celsius (minus 423 Fahrenheit) and liquefied for export.

They are planning to make up to 225,000 tons of hydrogen per year.

The final decision will be made by 2025. Australia is competing against other countries to create carbon-neutral hydrogen. This was stated by Jeremy Stone (director of J-Power), one of the HESC partner companies.

Japan’s Electric Power Development Co and Sumitomo Corp are the partners in this project. Sumitomo Corp supplies brown coal.

($1 = 1.3906 Australian dollars)

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